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Caring for a Guinea Pig

May 1, 2016

Are you thinking about adopting a Guinea pig? These tiny furballs can make great pets! Guinea pigs, also known as cavies, have many wonderful qualities. They’re cute, gentle, fairly inexpensive, and don’t need a lot of room. However, just like any other animal, cavies do need proper care in order to thrive. A San Antonio, TX vet discusses basic Guinea pig care in this article.

Home Sweet Home

Since your cavy will spend a lot of time in his cage, it’s important to make sure he’s comfortable in it. For one Guinea pig, you’ll need a cage that is at least 7.5 square feet. These friendly furballs do like having roommates, so you can get your little friend a buddy. You will need a larger cage for multiple Guinea pigs, however. Once you have the cage, you’ll need to add substrate. You can use aspen, pellets, or even a fleece blanket. Avoid pine or cedar based substrates, as they are toxic to small animals. Your pint-sized pet will also need food dishes, a water bottle, and a hidey-hole. Cavies can be litterbox trained, so you may also want to include a small litterbox.

Food! Glorious Food!

Like most pets, cavies love food! Make sure your furry pal always has fresh grass hay, such as Timothy hay. Guinea pigs can have commercial pellets for breakfast and dinner. You’ll want to supplement these things with fresh produce. Because Vitamin C is essential to your tiny furball’s health, you’ll need to offer him plenty of foods that contain this essential nutrient. Ask your vet for specific recommendations, including serving sizes, safe and unsafe foods, and suitable treats. Many foods are dangerous for cavies, so always research a new food before handing it over to your adorable pet.

Toys and Entertainment

Guinea pigs are very curious and playful. Provide your little pal with lots of fun toys. Cavies must chew to keep their teeth healthy, so offer plenty of chew toys. You can give your furry friend items made of wood, cardboard, or paper, as long as they are clean, free of varnish and dye, and do not have sharp edges or small parts. Your cavy will also need time out of his cage every day.

Do you have questions about your Guinea pig’s care? Call us today! As your San Antonio, TX animal clinic, we’re here to help!

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North Star Animal Hospital